Thumbnail sketch of Romans 1-12

apostle paulRomans 1.1-15: Introduction

Romans 1.16-5.11

God’s righteousness is revealed in the Gospel because God’s wrath is revealed in the death and resurrection of Jesus so that Jew and Gentile alike can enter resurrection life–moving from grace to greater grace.

Romans 5.12-8

Part 1: Romans 5.12-6.23

Thus, grace will far exceed past curse, but Law came to increase sin so that wrath would be built up in Israel and Jesus could conquer all sin and bring resurrection life. This will happen in our own bodies as we go from obedience to more obedience.

Part 2: Romans 7.1-8.39

Thus, Jesus death and resurrection not only frees us from sin but from the Law that was powerless to save us under the power of sin. OT Israel was stuck in covenant unfaithfulness until Jesus came and did what the law was not able to do. Now his resurrection provides us with life even in our sufferings.

Romans 9-11

Thus, Israel’s sin served the purpose of God in showing God’s wrath and making his power known in the death of Jesus, so now all who believe, Jew and Gentile, may be saved. In fact, the Gentiles must not be arrogant but realize that just as Jewish disobedience brought them salvation, not Gentiles must obey to bring the Jews to salvation.

As regards the gospel, they are enemies for your sake. But as regards election, they are beloved for the sake of their forefathers. 29 For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable. 30 For just as you were at one time disobedient to God but now have received mercy because of their disobedience, 31 so they too have now been disobedient in order that by the mercy shown to you they also may now5 receive mercy. 32 For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all.

33 Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!

34 “For who has known the mind of the Lord,

or who has been his counselor?”

35 “Or who has given a gift to him

that he might be repaid?”

36 For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.


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